Karolingische Klosterstadt http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 08:54:18 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/karolingische-klosterstadt-icon-150x150.png Karolingische Klosterstadt http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/ 32 32 The designer is inspired by everyday household objects for the January outfit challenge http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/the-designer-is-inspired-by-everyday-household-objects-for-the-january-outfit-challenge/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 08:54:18 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/the-designer-is-inspired-by-everyday-household-objects-for-the-january-outfit-challenge/

From tubes of toothpaste to bottles of bleach, one woman brightened up the month of January by wearing outfits inspired by everyday objects.

Taryn de Vere, writer and designer from County Donegal, Ireland, took on a style challenge: dressing up as a different household product every day to make January more “merry”.

Describing herself as “perhaps the most colorful woman in Ireland”, the mother of five is no stranger to eccentric outfits.

“Being colorful is an integral part of how I see myself,” she told the PA News Agency.

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“Color makes me alive and happy, dull colors make me sad and depressed, it’s that simple. “

(Taryn de Vere / PA)

Faced with the prospect of being housebound in an effort to stay safe during the Covid pandemic, Ms de Vere decided to take on a New Year’s challenge using only items and clothes she already owned. .

She said: “At the time, I got the idea that I was sitting on my bed and my eye was on a bottle of sink unblocker in the bathroom, and that’s became the inspiration for the first outfit.

“My only rule for this project is that I have to use things I already own – I like the sustainability aspect of this challenge.

“It completely transformed the way I look at my clothes and unleashed a creative style freedom in me, making me put together colors and shapes that I never would have had before. “

(Taryn de Vere / PA)

Ms de Vere posts daily photos of her outfits on her Instagram and Twitter profiles, as well as a photo of the product that inspired her.

She said she was “completely overwhelmed” by the positive reaction on social media and even gained fans as far as Australia.

“I’ve had messages and comments from people telling me they wake up in the morning and first check my Instagram to see what new outfit I have that day,” she said.

“People from all over the world are contacting us to say how happy they are with this project.

“It’s really heartwarming to think that my creative project brings a little bit of fun and light joy into people’s lives.”

(Taryn de Vere / PA)

However, Ms de Vere admitted that the level of attention had taken her by surprise.

“If I had known how big it would get and how many people would see my photos, I probably would have ironed my clothes before photographing them,” she said.

Closer to home, Ms. de Vere’s neighbors were less surprised by her colorful designs, due to her “well-established eccentric sartorial credentials,” but she said she always received compliments on her travels in France. city.

“I remain open to the possibility that there is someone more colorful than me out there, and if so, I want to meet them and be their new best friend,” she said. .

You can follow De Vere’s progress in his outfits Twitter feed.

AP reporting by Lottie Kilraine.

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Why Nike, Adidas and Ralph Lauren Products Are Getting Harder to Find http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/why-nike-adidas-and-ralph-lauren-products-are-getting-harder-to-find/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 14:30:51 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/why-nike-adidas-and-ralph-lauren-products-are-getting-harder-to-find/

By Nathaniel Meyersohn, CNN Business

(CNN) – Looking to shop for Nike sneakers, Adidas sweatshirts, Crocs clogs, polo shirts or Canada Goose parkas?

These days you are probably more likely to catch them at their own stores or on their websites than at moms and pops and small chains.

These big brands and other big footwear and clothing brands are all reducing the number of outside retailers selling their wares and focusing their efforts on getting customers to buy direct from their own channels as well as a select group of wholesale partners.

The change means shoppers will find fewer places to buy from top brands and also puts pressure on retailers who will no longer be able to stock much sought-after shoes and clothing on their shelves, experts say. retail.

Selling directly to customers allows brands to make more money, control their prices, and showcase products exactly the way they want in their store displays. They can also prevent their labels from being discounted too heavily, which could weaken their branding and pricing power.

“We’re less interested in the small, undifferentiated players who don’t have particularly good service levels or in-store standards,” Crocs CEO Andrew Rees said on a conference call with an analyst in April.

By offering fewer wholesale products, brands can also reach the right place for their business – high demand and tight supply.

The exit strategies of other retailers began long before the Covid-19 pandemic, of course, but have accelerated over the past two years.

“Even if the brands were not strongly focused on direct [sales] pre-Covid, now they are, ”said Susan Anderson, analyst at B. Riley Securities.

In fact, brands have used the pandemic to accelerate their growth plans directly through their own channels, especially online. At the start of the pandemic, for example, stores were closed with no choice but to push customers to buy online.

Once stores reopened and shoppers jumped on new clothes, shoes and wardrobes, there was a huge mismatch between demand and supply. Brands had little to no additional merchandise to send to retailers, and they prioritized feeding inventory to their own stores and websites.

Under Armor, Ralph Lauren and others, for example, have given up on sending merchandise to discount stores like TJ Maxx – previously their options of last resort when they had excess inventory.

In addition to tightening up their wholesale partners and expanding online, many of these brands are opening new stores.

Some, like Under Armor, Adidas and Crocs sell to Amazon, but Canada Goose and Ralph Lauren have stayed away from the online giant. Some brands have been hesitant to sell on Amazon for fear of not having control over the customer experience.

Nike announced in 2019 that it would stop selling on Amazon.

Nike leaves DSW and Zappos

Among major sports brands, Nike was one of the first to report that it would reduce the number of traditional retailers it sold to and focus on growing its direct-to-consumer business.

In 2017, Nike announced that it would focus its resources, marketing and best products on just 40 business partners, including Foot Locker and Dick’s Sporting Goods. At the time, Nike sold to some 30,000 retailers.

Nike has since severed ties with many independent shoe stores and small chains, as well as bigger names such as Urban Outfitters, Dillard’s and Zappos, according to reports.

Rivals like Adidas and Under Armor have followed Nike’s lead in downsizing their own wholesale networks.

Nike is a raffle and if stores don’t offer it, loyal Nike customers will buy elsewhere. (The company also owns the Jordan and Converse brands.)

Nike is also DSW’s largest sporting goods supplier, accounting for around 7% of the company’s sales in 2020. Designer Brands, DSW’s parent company, said last month that Nike shipped the latest of its products to the company. Once DSW sells them in stores and online, Nike will definitely disappear from its shelves.

DSW believes it can replace Nike by increasing sales of other sports brands, CEO Roger Rawlins said on a conference call with an analyst last month. “We are doing really well across our sports portfolio,” he said.

The-CNN-Wire
™ & © 2022 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

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Retail Media 2022: What’s next for the third big wave of digital advertising? | Meet the Analysts Webinar | January 21, 2022 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/retail-media-2022-whats-next-for-the-third-big-wave-of-digital-advertising-meet-the-analysts-webinar-january-21-2022/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 06:19:21 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/retail-media-2022-whats-next-for-the-third-big-wave-of-digital-advertising-meet-the-analysts-webinar-january-21-2022/

As advertising in retail media continues to increase year on year, retailers and brands have the opportunity to better plan their digital advertising strategies. Find out about our forecast for retail media ad spending and how the market will develop and evolve in the years to come.

Watch this webinar, made possible by Google, and explore:

  • Why Retail Media Networks Now Attract Big Brands Budgets and Where Do These Budgets Come From?
  • The Evolution of Closed Loop Targeting and Attribution to Drive Retail Media Adoption
  • Main challenges and opportunities for retailers looking to develop their own media networks
  • More! Jennifer Presser-Kroll, Head of Business Partnerships at Google, joins the conversation

Presenters:

Andrew lipsman is a Senior eMarketer Analyst at Insider Intelligence, specializing in Retail and Ecommerce. Recent coverage includes retail media networks, direct-to-consumer brands, social commerce, mobile retail apps, holiday shopping, and Amazon Prime Day.

Jennifer Presser-Kroll (she / she) is responsible for Retail Partnerships within the Google Business Partnerships team, which provides financial and strategic value to retail businesses by helping them develop and increase ad revenue in their properties . She worked in the Commerce Partnerships team at Google for over four years. Prior to joining Google, she led the Digital and Omnichannel Marketing Strategy team at Macy’s, Inc. She holds an MBA from Columbia Business School.

Moderator:

Blake droesch is an eMarketer Analyst at Insider Intelligence, covering retail and e-commerce with a focus on digital grocery shopping and the intersection of e-commerce and digital media. Previously, Blake was a writer and editor covering the luxury lifestyle industry.

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Understanding the history of schizophrenia http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/understanding-the-history-of-schizophrenia/ Sat, 08 Jan 2022 03:06:10 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/understanding-the-history-of-schizophrenia/

From diagnosis to treatment, understanding the history of schizophrenia can help us understand how this condition is viewed today.

In 1900, Swiss psychiatrist Paul Eugen Bleuler coined the term “schizophrenia”. Derived from Greek roots, the word contains “schizo” which means “divided” and “phren”, which means “spirit”.

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness and World Health Organization, an estimated 1.5 million people could be living with schizophrenia in the United States and 20 millions worldwide.

Schizophrenia is frequently stigmatized and misunderstood, often more so than other mental health problems. A 2010 study found that it may be common for people with schizophrenia to be perceived as dangerous, although other research suggests that most people living with the condition are generally non-violent.

Examining the origins of the disease can be an important starting point in changing the current stigma and public perception of schizophrenia.

The history of schizophrenia is loaded with ideas about spiritual causes and treatments that some may consider unethical or inhumane.

This story may be a major contributor to the current stigma surrounding schizophrenia and people living with the disease.

According to Tracy McDonough PhD, professor of psychology and chair of the Schizophrenia Oral History Project, a nonprofit organization dedicated to archiving the life stories of people with schizophrenia, “[the stigma of schizophrenia] is linked to historical beliefs about people with schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia in Antiquity

Theories about the causes and possible treatments of schizophrenia-like mental health problems date back to ancient times.

Ancient spirits frequently perceived the cause of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia as a punishment from the gods, or perhaps as a possession by evil spirits and demons. References to schizophrenia-like “madness” go back to the Old Testament, and even further.

Ancient egypt

A condition similar to schizophrenia is described in “The Book of Hearts”, a chapter devoted to mental health disorders in “The Ebers Papyrus”, an ancient Egyptian medical manuscript dating from 1550 BC.

According to Esme Wejin Wang, a best-selling author living with schizoaffective disorder, the ancient Egyptians attributed “psychosis to the dangerous influence of poison in the heart and uterus.”

Ancient Greece

Similar to the Egyptians, Hippocrates, “father of medicine” from ancient Greek, believed that conditions such as schizophrenia were rooted in biology, rather than spiritual or metaphysical causes.

According to Hippocrates, mental health disorders were caused by imbalances in the “four bodily humors” and could be treated with:

Middle Ages

Symptoms associated with schizophrenia – such as psychosis and hallucinations – were generally considered evidence of demonic possession and sin throughout Europe during the Middle Ages.

However, some medieval sources indicate that these mental health problems are caused by:

  • imbalances in the body
  • diet and alcohol consumption
  • overwork
  • mourning and loss

The institutionalization of people with mental disorders like schizophrenia in asylums or “mad towers” officially began in medieval Europe.

Common treatments for mental illness in the Middle Ages included trepanation, an early surgical procedure that involved making holes in the skull, either to relieve pressure or to free demons and spirits.

Enlightenment and modern era

Schizophrenia continued to be considered “madness” for hundreds of years. Until the mid-20th century, the treatment of schizophrenia was often experimental at best and cruel and inhuman at worst.

McDonough told Psych Central: “In the beginning, people [with schizophrenia] were considered incurable. They were often locked up in asylums. In Europe, people visited asylums as if they were going to the zoo.

McDonough continued, “Basically, [schizophrenia’s] the story is about not seeing human beings as human beings.

Philippe Pinel

At the end of the 18th century, the French physician Phillip Pinel helped pave the way for humane psychiatric treatment.

Pinel refused to chain his patients in a Parisian insane asylum and began practicing “moral therapy” in 1798, which included:

  • respect the person under psychiatric care
  • establish doctor-patient relationships based on trust and confidentiality
  • decrease in stressful stimuli or triggers
  • encourage routine activity and exercise

In treating people with mental disorders like schizophrenia with humanity, Pinel emphasized the need to:

  • hygiene
  • exercise
  • keep detailed history and records for each person

Kraepelin’s “precocious dementia”

In 1893, German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin coined the term “dementia praecox”, which means “premature dementia”, to describe schizophrenia.

Kraepelin was one of the first to describe schizophrenia as a progressive and irreversible biological condition with potential toxic causes. His contributions to the study of schizophrenia were much more intentionally scientific and naturalistic than many of his predecessors.

Schizophrenia in the 20th century

Swiss psychiatrist Eugène Bleuler coined the term “schizophrenia” in 1900, replacing the term “dementia precocious”. Bleuler also invented the famous “four A’s” of schizophrenia describing the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which were later replaced by the 5 A’s.

Institutionalizing people with schizophrenia was still common practice until the 20th century.

Common 20th century treatments for schizophrenia included:

  • insulin therapy for coma: repeatedly injecting large amounts of insulin to induce daily comas over a period of several weeks
  • Metrazol shock: a life-threatening form of shock therapy involving injections of Metrazol (pentylenetetrazole) to trigger seizures and coma
  • electroconvulsive therapy: stimulate or shock the brain with electricity to cause seizures
  • operation: including frontal lobotomy

Eugenics also played a dark role in treatments for schizophrenia in the 20th century. At the time, schizophrenia was considered a largely hereditary disease. Due to persistent stigma and misunderstanding, many people with schizophrenia have been sterilized, often without consent.

The first antipsychotics, such as Chlorpromazine, were developed and marketed in the 1950s. The availability of these drugs and similar drugs led to widespread deinstitutionalization in the 1960s. These drugs are still prescribed today and are considered to be “typical antipsychotics”.

The 1990s saw the development of more sophisticated antipsychotic drugs – atypical antipsychotics – to treat schizophrenia.

When diagnosing schizophrenia, psychiatrists generally use the DSM-5 criteria. Other diagnostic tools, such as self-report forms, are also used alongside qualitative clinical assessments, such as:

  • Communication disorders index
  • The Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS)
  • BPRS (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale)
  • The mini mental state examination (“the mini”)

Schizophrenia is a treatable disease. Doctors and therapists now have a number of tools at their disposal to help people with this disorder find the best possible treatment plans for them. Many people with schizophrenia are able to manage their symptoms and lead well-balanced, fulfilling lives.

Medication

Antipsychotic drugs are often used on an ongoing basis in schizophrenia treatment plans to manage psychosis. Two classes of antipsychotic drugs are prescribed today for schizophrenia: typical and atypical antipsychotics.

Therapy

In addition to medication, there are many forms of psychotherapy that can help people with schizophrenia cope with symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Types of psychotherapy that can help schizophrenia include:

Comprehensive care

Comprehensive care programs are designed to integrate therapeutic approaches at several levels, such as:

  • individual
  • family
  • use
  • education
  • community participation

A 2016 study have found that comprehensive care programs may lead to greater success for schizophrenia than other treatments.

While many medical beliefs about schizophrenia have changed over time, cultural representations and attitudes have not caught up.

A huge stigma around schizophrenia still exists today, rooted in historical misconceptions and media representations.

The word “schizophrenic” could be used casually to describe the weather or the stock market. Worse yet, it can be used to define a person with the disease.

The pervasive myths often mistakenly associate schizophrenia with:

  • violence
  • a “childish” spirit
  • a “weak” character

Schizophrenia is often confused with “split personality” or “multiple personality disorder,” a separate condition now known as dissociative identity disorder.

For some people, the stigma surrounding schizophrenia can make the diagnosis uncomfortable. But as psychiatrist and author Elyn R. Saks wrote in her 2007 seminal book, “A diagnosis of mental illness does not automatically condemn you to a dark and painful life, devoid of pleasure, joy or fulfillment.

Mental health problems of the schizophrenic type have been recorded and treated since ancient times. Over the centuries, theories about the causes of disease have evolved from the spiritual realm to physiological means.

Treatments for schizophrenia have often included inhuman and cruel “remedies”, even as recently as the 20th century.

But thanks to evidence-based research and medical science, modern doctors and therapists have a plethora of effective tools to help treat schizophrenia.

If you live with schizophrenia, you are not alone. And if someone you love is affected by the illness, it can be helpful to learn how to support your loved one.

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Meta Says Its AI Improves The Quality Of Speech Recognition By Lip Reading http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/meta-says-its-ai-improves-the-quality-of-speech-recognition-by-lip-reading/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 17:00:09 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/meta-says-its-ai-improves-the-quality-of-speech-recognition-by-lip-reading/

Hear from CIOs, CTOs, and other senior executives and leaders on data and AI strategies at the Future of Work Summit on January 12, 2022. Learn more


People perceive speech both by listening to it and by observing the movements of the speaker’s lips. In fact, studies show that visual cues play a key role in language learning. In contrast, AI speech recognition systems are built primarily – or entirely – on audio. And they require a substantial amount of data to train, typically ranging from tens of thousands of hours of recording.

To determine whether visuals – especially images of mouth movement – can improve the performance of speech recognition systems, researchers at Meta (formerly Facebook) developed Hidden audiovisual unit BERT (AV-HuBERT), an executive who learns to understand speech by watching and hearing people speak. Meta complaints that AV-HuBERT is 75% more accurate than the best audiovisual speech recognition systems using the same number of transcriptions. Additionally, according to the company, AV-HuBERT outperforms the older best audiovisual speech recognition system by using one-tenth of the tagged data, making it potentially useful for languages ​​with little audio data.

“In the future, AI frameworks like AV-HuBERT could be used to improve the performance of speech recognition technology in noisy everyday conditions – for example, interactions at a party or in a street market. lively, ”Meta AI researcher Abdelrahman Mohamed told VentureBeat. in an interview. “And assistants in smartphones, augmented reality glasses, and smart speakers equipped with a camera – for example, the Alexa Echo Show – could also benefit from this technology.”

AV-HuBERT

Meta is not the first to apply AI to the lip reading problem. In 2016, researchers at the University of Oxford created a system which was almost twice as accurate as experienced lip readers in some tests and could process video in near real time. And in 2017, DeepMind, owned by Alphabet, formed a system over thousands of hours of TV broadcasts to correctly translate about 50% of the words without errors on a test set, much better than a human expert’s 12.4%.

But the Oxford University and DeepMind models, like many later lip-reading models, were limited in the range of vocabulary they could recognize. The models also required datasets associated with transcripts to practice, and they could not process the audio from the speakers in the videos.

Quite uniquely, AV-HuBERT takes advantage of unsupervised or self-supervised learning. With supervised learning, algorithms like DeepMind’s are trained on labeled example data until they can detect the underlying relationships between the examples and particular outputs. For example, a system can be trained to write the word “dog” (the exit) when shown a picture of a Corgi (the example). However, AV-HuBERT learns to classify unlabeled data – by processing the data to learn about its inherent structure.

AV-HuBERT is also multimodal in the sense that he learns to perceive language through a series of sound cues and lip movements. By combining cues such as lip and tooth movement during speech, as well as auditory information, Meta says AV-HuBERT can capture “nuanced associations” between the two types of data.

The initial AV-HuBERT model was trained on 30 hours of English-language TED Talk videos, significantly less than the 31,000 hours on which the previous top model was trained. But despite training on less data, AV-HuBERT’s Word Error Rate (WER), a measure of speech recognition performance, was slightly better at 32.5% compared to the 33.6% of the ‘old model in cases where a speaker could be seen but not heard. (The WER is calculated by dividing the number of misrecognized words by the total number of words; 32.5% translates to about one error every 30 words.) TED Talks’ 433 hour training further reduced the WER d ‘AV-HuBERT at 28.6%.

Once AV-HuBERT learned the structure and correlation between the data well, the researchers were able to train it more on unlabeled data: 2,442 hours of English-language celebrity videos uploaded to YouTube. Not only did this bring the WER down to 26.9%, but Meta claims that it demonstrates that only a small amount of labeled data is needed to train the framework for a particular application (for example, when multiple people speak simultaneously) or a language. different .

Indeed, Meta claims that AV-HuBERT is around 50% better than audio models only at recognizing a person’s speech while loud music or noise is playing in the background. And when speech and background noise are also loud, AV-HuBERT manages a WER of 3.2% against 25.5% of the previous best multimodal model.

Potential gaps

In many ways, AV-HuBERT is emblematic of Meta’s growing investment in unsupervised multimodal technology for complex tasks. The company recently detailed a new multimodal system designed to tackle harmful content on its platforms, called Learning a few strokes, and published models that can learn to recognize speech, segment images, copy text style, and recognize objects from unlabeled data. Unlike supervised systems, unsupervised systems can be considerably more flexible and less expensive to deploy; the tags in the tagged datasets come from human annotators who must painstakingly add each one.

Because it requires less labeled data for training, Meta claims that AV-HuBERT could open up possibilities for developing conversation models for “low-resource” languages, such as Susu in the Niger Congo family. AV-HuBERT could also be useful for creating voice recognition systems for people with speech impairments, the company suggests, as well as for detecting deepfakes and generating realistic lip movements for virtual reality avatars.

But Os Keyes, an AI ethicist at the University of Washington, expressed concern that AV-HuBERT has class and disability limitations. Does it work for people with distorted facial speech patterns due to a disability? They told VentureBeat via email. “It seems pretty ironic to successfully create speech recognition software that relies on lip reading and is prone to inaccuracies when pointed at… deaf people. “

In a Microsoft and Carnegie Mellon paper offering a research roadmap towards equity in AI, the co-authors point out that aspects of facial analysis systems similar to AV-HuBERT may not work well for people with Down syndrome, achondroplasia (which alters bone growth) and “other conditions that cause facial features to differ. Such systems could also fail for people who have had a stroke, the researchers note, or who suffer from Parkinson’s disease, Bell’s palsy, autism, or Williams syndrome – who may not use (or be able to use) the same facial expressions as neurotypical people.

In an email, Mohamed pointed out that AV-HuBERT only focuses on the lip area to capture lip movement, not the entire face. As with most AI models, AV-HuBERT’s performance will be “proportional to the number of representative samples from different populations in the training data,” he added.

“To evaluate our approach, we used the publicly available LRS3 dataset, which consists of TED Talk videos made publicly available in 2018 by researchers at the University of Oxford. Since this dataset does not represent disabled speakers, we do not have a specific percentage for the expected performance degradation, ”Mohamed said. “[But this] the newly proposed technology is not limited by the current distribution of speakers in the training dataset. We predict that different training data sets covering larger and diverse populations would provide significant performance gains. “

Meta says it “will continue to compare and develop approaches that improve audiovisual speech recognition models in everyday scenarios where background noise and speaker overlap are common.” Beyond that, he plans to extend AV-HuBERT – which Meta does not intend to put into production – to multilingual references beyond English.

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Helm takes the helm of the Wholesale Industry Leaders Forum http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/helm-takes-the-helm-of-the-wholesale-industry-leaders-forum/ Thu, 06 Jan 2022 23:21:45 +0000 http://karolingischeklosterstadt.com/helm-takes-the-helm-of-the-wholesale-industry-leaders-forum/